2. Fatima (Portugal), 1917:
The Virgin Mary appears to three shepherd children, Lucia Santos and her cousins Francisco and Jacinta Marto, on May 13, 1917, in the valley of Cova da Iria. She addressed the pain of a world torn by war and revolutions, and called for prayer, penance, and redemptive suffering. Prophetic messages, known as “secrets,” were also entrusted to the children to be shared with Church leaders. Mary told the children to pray the Rosary often, saying: “Through the Rosary, you can stop wars.” On Sunday, October 13, 1917 the “Miracle of the Sun” was seen by an estimated 30,000 to 100,000 people.